As Congress once more considers elevated help for the worldwide response to COVID-19, we take a look at how present funding is being channeled, significantly to international locations and areas. Congress has enacted six emergency supplemental funding payments to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic as of June 23, 2022, which collectively present roughly $19.03 billion for the worldwide response, together with for well being and humanitarian efforts. Of this quantity, $10.54 billion (55%) was both immediately appropriated to or is managed by the U.S. Company for Worldwide Growth (USAID). The rest was appropriated to the State Division and the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention (CDC). To higher perceive how this funding has been used, we analyzed newly accessible information from USAID (present information disaggregated by nation and area weren’t accessible for different businesses). This included total USAID funding obligated as of March 31, 2022, in addition to nation and regional funding quantities obligated as of the identical date. Information have been aggregated from a number of paperwork to offer a extra full evaluation of what’s recognized.
- USAID studies that, as of March 31, 2022, of the $10.54 billion immediately appropriated to or managed by the company, it had obligated roughly $9.81 billion in COVID-19 emergency funding for programming and associated efforts to answer COVID-19 globally, with an extra $584 million authorised or notified to Congress. Collectively, this represents all emergency funding immediately appropriated to or managed by USAID to this point.
- Included within the $9.81 billion in funding obligated by USAID for programming and associated efforts are the next:
- $4.14 billion (42%) for nation and regional COVID-19 programming (as of March 31, 2022) to assist a variety of actions, together with: supply and distribution of vaccines; strengthening well being care methods by increasing surveillance, supporting well being employees and amenities, and offering important well being provides; offering emergency meals help; and enchancment of sanitation and hygiene companies;
- $4.0 billion (41%) to assist Gavi’s COVID-19 vaccine procurement and supply actions by means of COVAX, and
- $1.5 billion (15%) for COVID-19 vaccine procurement for distribution by means of COVAX. See Determine 1.
- Funding was obligated to 124 international locations (extra international locations could also be reached by means of regional programming) See Desk 1.
- The highest ten international locations, by funding quantity, every acquired at the very least $89 million and collectively accounted for practically half of funding (47% or $1.9 billion) obligated by USAID. 4 international locations acquired greater than $200 million every: Ethiopia, Yemen, Syria, and India. See Determine 2.
- By area, the biggest share of nation and regional funding was directed to sub-Saharan Africa (44%), adopted by Asia (20%), the Center East and North Africa (19%), Latin America and the Caribbean (13%), and Europe and Eurasia (4%). See Determine 3.
- By bureau, the biggest share of nation and regional funding was directed by means of the Bureau for Humanitarian Help (59%), adopted by the Bureau for International Well being (23%), regional bureaus (18%), and the Bureau for Growth, Democracy, and Innovation (<1%), although this distribution different extensively by area. For instance:
- in sub-Saharan Africa, the Bureau for Humanitarian Help acquired most funding (68%), adopted by the regional bureau (19%) and the Bureau for International Well being (13%);
- in Asia, the Bureau for International Well being acquired most funding (61%), adopted by the regional bureau (20%) and the Bureau for Humanitarian Help (19%); and
- in Europe and Eurasia, the regional bureau acquired the biggest share of funding (43%), adopted by the Bureau for International Well being (39%). See Determine 4.