As COVID-19 instances within the U.S. rise in a surge pushed by the extremely transmissible Omicron BA.5 subvariant alongside the widespread lifting of masks mandates and different coronavirus-related security precautions, many immunocompromised adults and people with weakened immune methods proceed to be at a better threat of extreme sickness and demise from a coronavirus an infection, even after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. The newest KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor survey finds that adults who report having at any time been instructed by a health care provider they’ve a weakened or compromised immune system are extra seemingly than different adults to say they’re anxious about changing into significantly sick with COVID-19 or growing lengthy COVID, whereas many proceed to take precautions in opposition to COVID-19 reminiscent of masking and social distancing.
Who Stories Having Weakened Or Compromised Immune Programs?
All through the COVID-19 pandemic, many information reviews have emphasised the elevated sense of threat amongst some immunocompromised adults or these residing with a continual sickness or incapacity. Prior KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor polling from February confirmed that concern for immunocompromised adults was widespread, with a majority of the general public expressing fear that immune-compromised individuals can be left behind if the federal government have been to raise pandemic restrictions. KFF’s COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor survey finds that about one in ten adults (11%) say a health care provider or well being care supplier has instructed them that they’re immunocompromised or have a weakened or compromised immune system. Amongst adults on this group, two-thirds are girls (66%) and about six in ten are ages 50 and older (61%). A majority of adults who say they’re immunocompromised report that they aren’t presently employed, together with one in 5 who’re on incapacity or can’t work (20%),
Given the disproportionate threat of extreme COVID-19 sickness for immunocompromised adults, the CDC presently recommends a second booster dose for people who find themselves reasonably or severely immunocompromised. KFF’s most up-to-date COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor survey exhibits that enormous shares of adults who say they have been instructed by a well being care supplier that they’ve a weakened or compromised immune system report having obtained not less than one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine (82%), together with about six in ten (57%) who report receiving not less than one booster dose. Just below one in 5 say they’re unvaccinated (18%).
Heightened Fear Of Covid-19 Danger Amongst Adults Who Report Weakened Or Compromised Immune Programs
For immunocompromised adults and people with sure medical circumstances, coronavirus poses a heightened threat of extreme sickness, the necessity for hospitalization or intensive care, and demise.
Amongst adults who’ve at any level been instructed by a health care provider or well being care supplier that they’ve a compromised or weakened immune system, a majority say they’re both “very” or “considerably” anxious they may develop lengthy COVID (65%) or get significantly sick from COVID-19 (61%). Fewer of those that haven’t been instructed they’re immunocompromised report worrying over the results of coronavirus an infection, with slightly below 4 in ten reporting they’re both anxious about growing lengthy COVID (37%) or getting significantly sick from COVID-19 (36%).
Continued Precautions Towards COVID-19
Whereas disproportionate shares of adults who report being instructed they’re immunocompromised categorical fear over the results of COVID-19 sickness, additional shares say they’ve continued to take precautions as pandemic-related restrictions have dissipated. When requested to say in their very own phrases what they’ve achieved to regulate as COVID-19 restrictions and masks mandates are lifted, 4 in ten say they proceed to put on face masks, with smaller shares saying they’re nonetheless staying house (14%) and social distancing or avoiding crowds (11%). Whereas substantial shares report making these changes as an immunocompromised particular person throughout the pandemic, about one in six (17%) say they’ve achieved nothing to regulate.
Because the COVID-19 pandemic continues into its second yr, many immunocompromised adults report taking continued precautions to mitigate the dangers posed by coronavirus an infection. Under, in their very own phrases, are some particular changes that these extra susceptible adults have made.
In Their Personal Phrases: With COVID-19 restrictions and masks mandates being lifted, what, if something, have you ever achieved to regulate as an immunocompromised particular person throughout the pandemic?
“Gotten the Evusheld (monoclonal antibodies) injections; proceed to put on masks in indoor public areas; keep away from giant gatherings; eschew hugging and hand shaking”– 62-year-old lady in Tennessee
“It’s restricted my entry to a number of locations, price me cash in PPE and sanitizers, and lowered my high quality of life” – 25-year-old lady in Kentucky
“I’ve stayed house. Not notably going round of us who I’m unsure of.” – 42-year-old man in North Carolina
“Nonetheless carrying a masks 100% when out and if round anybody who’s susceptible for any cause, age, well being, and so on.” – 70-year-old man in Wisconsin
“Restricted outing, get totally vaccinated/boosted, at all times put on masks and keep away from closed areas and keep in open the place there are fewer individuals” 45-year-old man in New Jersey
“Our family continues to be beneath a reasonably tight quarantine and we masks in public, even open air” – 49-year-old lady in North Carolina
“I nonetheless put on a masks in smaller indoor areas and maintain my distance from individuals all over the place. I nonetheless wipe down purchasing carts and different surfaces I’ll contact whereas purchasing. I nonetheless wash my arms greater than the typical particular person would.” 50-year-old lady in Minnesota